MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX

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Frage English Antworten English
affixation
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adding affixes
compounding
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2 words/concepts which create new one
blending
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blending 2 words (smoke+fog=smog)
clipping
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clipping Englisch
using part of the word (examination-axam)
back formation
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creating a base form that did not exist
conversion
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changing category or function of the word without any reduction
acronymisation (acronyms)
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word created from the first letters of the phrase
onomatopoeia
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resembels sounds of the object
coinage
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invanted trade names for one comapny's products, which became general terms for different brands of these types of products (vaselin, nylon)
eponym
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a tittle or name derived from the name of the person or place (sandwich, jeans, laconic)
borrowings
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words which existed in another language and they were started to be usd in new language
clitics
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they behave like independent words, yet they cannot stand alone (they're, he's)
reduplication
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process in which the root or stem of a word (or part of it) or even the whole word is repeated exactly or with a slight change
internal change
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changing a part of a morpheme (run-ran, goose-geese)
suppletion
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replacement with a different morpheme (go-went)

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