Słowa na C-18

 0    73 Datenblatt    krzysztofprusinowski
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rejestrować czas przyjścia do pracy
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clock in/on; clock off
clock in/on; clock off to record the time that you arrive at or leave work, especially by putting a card into a type of clock ▶ rejestrować godzinę przyjścia do/wyjścia z pracy
nabić, naliczyć
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clock sth up
to achieve a certain number or total Our car clocked up (przejechał) over 2 000 miles while we were on holiday. ▶ nabić naliczyć
zgodnie z kierunkiem wskazówek zegara
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in the same direction as the hands of a clock Turn the handle clockwise. ▶ zgodnie z kierunkiem ruchu wskazówek zegara □ clockwise adj. to move in a clockwise direction ▶ zgodny z kierunkiem ruchu wskazówek zegara
mechanizm zegarowy
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clockwork /ˈklɒkwɜ: k; US / noun [uncountable] a type of machinery found in certain toys, etc. that you operate by turning a key a clockwork toy The plan went like clockwork. Poszło jak w zegarku. ▶ mechanizm zegarowy
zapychać się
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clog1 /klɒɡ; US / verb [intransitive, transitive] (clogging; clogged) clog (sth) (up) (with sth) to block or become blocked The drain is always clogging up. The roads were clogged with traffic. ▶ zapychać (się)
klon, klonować
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clone, clone
clone /kləʊn; US / noun [countable] an exact copy of a plant or an animal that is produced from one of its cells by scientific methods ▶ klon □ clone verb [transitive] A team from the UK were the first to successfully clone an animal. ▶ klonować
zamykać, kończyć
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to close
3 to end or to bring sth to an end The meeting closed at 10pm. Detectives have closed the case on the missing girl. ▶ kończyć (się)
to shut The door closed quietly. to close a door/window Close your eyes – I’ve got a surprise. ▶ zamykać (się) 2 to be, or to make sth, not open to the public What time do the shops close? The police have closed the road to traffic. zamykać (się)
zamykać, kończyć działalność
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to close sth down
close (sth) down to stop all business or work permanently at a shop or factory The factory has had to close down. Health inspectors have closed the restaurant down. ▶ zamykać (się) kończyć działalność
zbliżać się / przybliżać się
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close in (on sb/sth)
close in (on sb/sth) to come nearer and gradually surround sb/sth, especially in order to attack The army is closing in on the enemy troops. ▶ zbliżać się (zwł. aby zaatakować)
zamykać się
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close sth off
to prevent people from entering a place or an area The police closed off the city centre because of a bomb alert. ▶ zamykać (dojazd/wejście)
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close2 noun the end, especially of a period of time or an activity the close of trading on the stock market The chairman brought the meeting to a close The guests began to leave as the evening drew to a close (zbliżał się do końc ▶ koniec
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2 (used about a friend, etc.) known very well and liked They invited only close friends to the wedding. ▶ bliski 3[only before a noun] near in a family relationship a close relative ▶ bliski
1[not before a noun] close (to sb/sth); close (together) near The tables are quite close (blisko) together. Is our hotel close (blisko) to the beach? It’s close to midnight. Zbliża się północ. ▶ bliski
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4 careful; thorough On close examination, you could see that the banknote was a forgery. ▶ dokładny
z niewielką przewagą
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(used about a competition, etc.) only won by a small amount a close match ▶ z niewielką przewagą
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adv. near The child stood close to his mother. to follow close behind someone I held her close. Przytuliłem ją do siebie. ▶ blisko
uważnie, dokładnie
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—closely /; US / adv. to watch somebody closely The insect closely resembles a stick. ▶ uważnie dokładnie
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closeness /; US / noun [uncountable] ▶
tuż obok czegoś
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close by (sb/sth)
close by (sb/sth) at a short distance from sb/sth She lives close by. ▶ tuż obok (kogoś/czegoś)
uniknięcie nieszczęścia o włos, "mało brakowało"
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a close shave/thing
a close shave/thing a bad thing that almost happened I wasn’t injured, but it was a close shave. ▶ uniknięcie nieszczęścia o mały włos
z bliska
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close up (to sb/sth)
close up (to sb/sth) at or from a very short distance to sb/sth You can’t tell it’s a forgery until you look at it close up. ▶ z bliska
być o włos od czegoś
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come close (to sth/to doing sth)
come close (to sth/to doing sth) to almost do sth We didn’t win but we came close. ▶ być o włos (od czegoś)
pilnować kogoś
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keep a close watch on sb/sth
keep a close watch on sb/sth to watch sb/sth very carefully ▶ nie spuszczać kogoś/czegoś z oka stróżować pilnować
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closed /kləʊzd; US / adj. ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW not open; shut Keep your mouth closed. The supermarket is closed. ▶ zamknięty  OPPOSITE  open
kamery CCTV
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ˌclosed-ˌcircuit ˈtelevision (abbr. CCTV /ˌsi: si: ti: ˈvi:; US /) noun [countable, uncountable] a television system used in a limited area, for example a shopping centre, to protect it from crime ▶ kamery (np. do monitorowania porządku w mieście)
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close-fitting /ˌkləʊs ˈfɪtɪŋ; US / adj. (used about clothes) fitting tightly, showing the shape of the body ▶ (ubranie) obcisły
szafa wbudowana w ścianę
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closet /ˈklɒzɪt; US -zət / noun [countable] (especially US) a large cupboard that is built into a room ▶ szafa w ścianie
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close-up /ˈkləʊs ʌp; US / noun [countable] a photograph or film of sb/sth that you take from a very short distance away Here’s a close-up of Mike. ▶ zbliżenie
końcowy, zamykający
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closing /ˈkləʊzɪŋ; US / adj. [only before a noun] coming at the end of a speech, a period of time or an activity his closing remarks the closing stages of the game końcówka meczu ▶ (uwagi itp.) końcowy zamykający
zamknięcie, zlikwidowanie
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closing noun [uncountable] the act of shutting sth such as a factory, hospital, school, etc. permanently the closing of the local school ▶ zamknięcie zlikwidowanie
godzina zamknięcia
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closing time
ˈclosing time noun [countable] the time when a shop, pub, etc. closes ▶ godzina zamknięcia
zamknięcie np firmy
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closure /ˈkləʊʒə(r); US / noun [countable, uncountable] the situation when a factory, school, hospital, etc. shuts permanently Miners are protesting against pit closures. The firm is threatened with closure. ▶ zamknięcie
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clot1 /klɒt; US / noun [countable] a lump that is formed when blood dries or becomes thicker They removed a blood clot from his brain. ▶ skrzep
powodować skrzepnięcie
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clot2 /klɒt; US / verb [intransitive, transitive] (clotting; clotted) to form or cause blood to form thick lumps a drug that stops blood from clotting during operations ▶ ścinać się powodować skrzepnięcie
materiał, tkanina, ścierka, obrus
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2[countable] a piece of material that you use for a particular purpose Where can I find a cloth to wipe this water up? a tablecloth obrus ▶ ścierka
cloth /klɒɵ; US / noun (pl. cloths /klɒɵs; US -ðz /) ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW 1 [uncountable] a material made of cotton, wool, etc. that you use for making clothes, curtains, etc. a metre of cloth ▶ materiał tkanina
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dressed, clothed
clothed /kləʊðd; US / adj. clothed (in sth) dressed; wearing sth He was clothed in leather from head to foot. Luckily I was fully clothed when they arrived. ▶ ubrany odziany
ubranie, odzież
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Pamiętaj, że clothes występuje tylko w lm. Do określenia pojedynczej części ubrania używa się an item/a piece/an article of clothing: A kilt is an item of clothing worn in Scotland.
clothes /kləʊðz; kləʊz; US; / noun [pl.] ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW the things that you wear, for example trousers, shirts, dresses, coats, etc. to put on/ take off your clothes She was wearing new clothes. ▶ ubranie odzież
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hanger /ˈhæŋə(r); US / (also ˈcoat hanger; ˈclothes hanger) noun [countable] a metal, plastic or wooden object with a hook that is used for hanging up clothes in a cupboard ▶ wieszak
suszarka do ubrań
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ˈclothes horse noun [countable] (Brit.) a wooden or plastic folding frame that you put clothes on to dry after you have washed them ▶ rozkładana suszarka do ubrań
sznur do suszenia bielizny
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ˈclothes line
ˈclothes line noun [countable] a thin rope that you hang clothes on so that they can dry ▶ sznur do suszenia bielizny
klamerka do bielizny
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ˈclothes peg;
(also ˈclothes peg; US ˈclothes pin) a type of small wooden or plastic object used for fastening wet clothes to a clothes line ▶ klamerka do bielizny
odzież, ubranie
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clothes, clothing
clothing /ˈkləʊðɪŋ noun [uncountable] ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW the clothes that you wear, especially for a particular activity You will need waterproof/outdoor/winter clothing. ▶ odzież ubranie Clothing jest bardziej formalne niż clothes.
chmura, obłok
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cloud, cloud
2[countable] a mass of smoke, dust, sand, etc. Clouds of smoke were pouring from the burning building. ▶ kłąb tuman
cloud1 /klaʊd; US / noun 1 [countable, uncountable] a mass of very small drops of water that floats in the sky and is usually white or grey The sun disappeared behind a cloud. A band of thick cloud is spreading from the west. ▶ chmura obłok
wszystko ma swoje blaski i cienie
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every cloud has a silver lining
every cloud has a silver lining even a very bad situation has a positive side ▶ wszystko ma swoje blaski i cienie
zaburzać, mącić
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2[transitive] to make sth less enjoyable; to spoil Illness has clouded the last few years of his life. ▶ psuć mglić 3[intransitive, transitive] to become or make sth difficult to see through His eyes clouded with tears. ▶ mglić (się)
cloud2 /klaʊd; US / verb 1 [transitive] to make sth less clear or easy to understand Her personal involvement in the case was beginning to cloud her judgement. ▶ zaburzać mącić
zachmurzyć się
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cloud over
cloud over 1 (used about the sky) to become full of clouds ▶ zachmurzyć się 2 (used about a person’s face) to start to look sad ▶ zachmurzyć się
oberwanie chmury
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cloudburst /ˈklaʊdbɜ: st; US / noun [countable] a sudden heavy fall of rain ▶ oberwanie chmury ulewa
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cloudless /ˈklaʊdləs; US / adj. (used about the sky, etc.) clear; without any clouds ▶ bezchmurny
zachmurzony, mętny
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cloudy, cloudy
cloudy /ˈklaʊdi; US / adj. (cloudier; cloudiest) 1 (used about the sky, etc.) full of clouds ▶ zachmurzony pochmurny 2 (used about liquids, etc.) not clear cloudy water ▶ mętny
goździk przyprawa
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clove spice
clove /kləʊv; US / noun [countable] 1 the small dried flower of a tropical tree, used as a spice in cooking ▶ (przyprawa) goździk 2 one of the small separate sections of garlic ▶ ząbek
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clover /ˈkləʊvə(r); US / noun [uncountable] a small plant with pink or white flowers and leaves with three parts to them ▶ koniczyna Znalezienie czterolistnej koniczyny uważane jest za dobry znak również w krajach anglojęzycznych.
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2 a person who makes jokes and does silly things to make the people around them laugh At school, Jan was always the class clown. ▶ błazen klown
clown1 /klaʊn; US / noun [countable] 1 a person who wears funny clothes and a big red nose and does silly things to make people (especially children) laugh ▶ klown błazen
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clown2 /klaʊn; US / verb [intransitive] clown (about/around) to act in a funny or silly way Stop clowning around and get some work done! ▶ błaznować
mdły, przesłodzony
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□ cloying /; US / adj. the cloying sentimentality of her novels ▶ mdły przesłodzon
klub, klub nocny, też maczuga pałka
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a heavy stick, usually with one end that is thicker than the other, used as a weapon ▶ maczuga, pałka 4[countable] = golf club 5 (clubs) [pl.] in a pack of playing cards, the suit with black three-leafed shapes on them the queen of clubs ▶ trefle
a group of people who meet regularly to share an interest, do sport, etc.; the place where they meet to join a club to be a member of a club a tennis/football/golf club ▶ klub a place where you can go to dance and drink late at night ▶ klub nocny
kwokać, kwokanie
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cluck, cluck
cluck /klʌk; US / noun [countable] the noise made by a chicken ▶ kwokanie □ cluck verb [intransitive] ▶ kwokać
trop, wskazówka
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clue, clue
clue /klu:; noun [countable] a clue (to sth) a piece of information that helps you solve a problem or a crime, answer a question, etc. The police were looking for clues to his disappearance. the clues for solving a crossword puzzle ▶ trop wskazówka
nie mieć pojęcia
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not have a clue
not have a clue (informal) to know nothing about sth I haven’t a clue where you left your watch. ▶ nie mieć pojęcia
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clump /klʌmp; US / noun [countable] a small group of plants or trees, growing together We sat down on a clump of grass. ▶ kępa
niezdarnie, nietaktownie
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clumsily /; US / adv. ▶ niezdarnie nietaktownie niezgrabnie
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—clumsiness /; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ niezdarność nietakt niezgrabność
niezdarny, nietaktowny, niezręczny
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2 (used about a comment, etc.) likely to upset or offend people He made a clumsy apology. her clumsy attempts at humour ▶ nietaktowny 3 large, difficult to use, and not attractive in design a clumsy piece of furniture ▶ niezgrabny
1 (used about a person) careless and likely to knock into, drop or break things I spilt your coffee. Sorry – that was clumsy of me. His clumsy fingers couldn’t untie the knot. ▶ niezdarny niezręczny
grono, kiść, gromada
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cluster1 /ˈklʌstə(r); US / noun [countable] a group of people, plants or things that stand or grow close together a cluster of schoolchildren a cluster of berries ▶ grono kiść gromadka grupa
gromadzić się nad czymś
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cluster around sb/sth
cluster around sb/sth to form a group around sb/sth The tourists clustered around their guide. ▶ gromadzić się nad kimś/czymś
bomba kasetowa
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cluster bomb
ˈcluster bomb noun [countable] a type of bomb that throws out smaller bombs when it explodes ▶ rozpryskowa bomba kasetowa
trzymać kurczowo, ściskać
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clutch1 /klʌtʃ; US / verb [transitive] to hold sth tightly, especially because you are in pain, afraid or excited He clutched his mother’s hand in fear. The girl ran off, clutching her prize. ▶ trzymać kurczowo ściskać
starać się chwycić coś
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clutch at sth
clutch at sth to try to take hold of sth She clutched at the money but the wind blew it away. ▶ starać się uchwycić coś
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1 [countable] the part of a vehicle, etc. that you press with your foot when you are driving in order to change the gear; a device in a car that connects and disconnects the engine and gears to press/release the clutch ▶ sprzęgło
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clutter1 /ˈklʌtə(r); US / verb [transitive] clutter sth (up) to cover or fill sth with a lot of objects in an untidy way Don’t leave those books there – they’re cluttering up the table. ▶ zaśmiecać
nieład, rozgardiasz
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clutter2 /ˈklʌtə(r); US / noun [uncountable] things that are where they are not wanted or needed and make a place untidy Who left all this clutter on the floor? ▶ rozgardiasz nieład □ cluttered /; US / adj. a cluttered desk ▶ zaśmiecony
trener, autokar
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coach1 /kəʊtʃ; US / noun [countable] 1 a person who trains people to compete in certain sports a tennis coach ▶ trener 2 (Brit.) a comfortable bus used for long journeys It’s cheaper to travel by coach than by train. a coach trip ▶ autokar
trenować kogoś
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to coach
coach2 /kəʊtʃ; US / verb [intransitive, transitive] coach sb (in/for sth) to train or teach sb, especially to compete in a sport or pass an exam She is being coached for the Olympics by a former champion. ▶ trenować
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coagulate /kəʊˈæɡjuleɪt; US / verb [intransitive] (used about a liquid) to become thick and partly solid ▶ krzepnąć gęstnieć □ coagulation /kəʊˌæɡjuˈleɪtʃn; US / ▶ krzepnięcie koagulacja
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coal /kəʊl; US / noun 1[uncountable] a type of black mineral that is dug from the ground and burnt to give heat a lump of coal a coal fire a coal mine ▶ węgiel 2(coals) [pl.] burning pieces of coal ▶ żarzące się węgle

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